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Diabetes and Pregnancy - Glucose Monitoring in Gestational Diabetes

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Glucose Monitoring in Gestational Diabetes

By Nina Nazor 

Blood glucose monitoring is very important if you have gestational diabetes. Monitoring will aloud you to detect high blood glucose levels so you and your Diabetes Team can make changes in your treatment to reduce the risk problems for you and your baby.

Your doctor must tell you what are your personal goals for blood glucose levels to maintain during your pregnancy.

However, there is a general recommendation that you must try to keep your glucose levels in the following range:

·  Before meals: below 95 mg/dl,

·  1-hour after a meal: below 140 mg/dl, and

·  2-hour after meals: below 120 mg/dl.

You should try to keep your blood glucose levels low, but you must also avoid to have them very low, because when this happens, your body starts using fat for energy and a by product of this are ketones, which are not good for your baby's nervous system.

Monitoring your 2 hours-after-meals blood glucose levels is really important because you should detect the peaks. High glucose concentrations after meals have been shown to correlate with macrosomia (babies who weight more than 8 pounds at birth).

If your glucose is getting high or low your doctor might ask you to monitor your ketones in urine every morning after you wake up. If your ketones are high then you might be experiencing high blood glucose or maybe low glucose and your body has been forced to use fat as an energy source.

Keep in mind that carbohydrates in your diet are the nutrients that affect more your blood glucose levels, so you should follow your diet distributing the portions of carbs throughout the day in three meals and 2 snacks. That will help you keep a steady level of blood glucose.

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